Split Horizon

Split Horizon on Broadcast, P2PMP, and P2P Networks

Split horizon prevents a RIP-enabled interface from sending back the routes it learns, which reduces bandwidth consumption and prevents routing loops.

Figure 1 Networking for interface-based split horizon

In Figure 1, Device A sends Device B a route to If split horizon is not configured, Device B will send this route back to Device A after learning it from Device A. As a result, Device A learns the following routes to
  • A direct route with zero hops
  • A route with Device B as the next hop and total two hops
Only direct routes, however, are active in the RIP routing table of Device A.

If the route from Device A to becomes unreachable and Device B is not notified, Device B still considers the route to reachable and continues sending this route to Device A. Then, Device A receives incorrect routing information and considers the route to reachable through Device B; Device B considers the route to reachable through Device A. As a result, a loop occurs on the network.

After split horizon is configured, Router B no longer sends the route back after learning the route, which prevents such a loop.

Split Horizon on NBMA Networks

On a Non-Broadcast Multi-Access (NBMA) network where an interface is connected to multiple neighbors, RIP supports neighbor-based split horizon. On NBMA networks, routes are sent in unicast mode, and an interface can differentiate which neighbor each route was learned from, and the interface will not send the routes back to the neighbor it learned them from.

Figure 2 Networking for neighbor-based split horizon on an NBMA network

In Figure 2, Device A sends the route to that it learns from Device B only to Device C.

Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
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