Seamless MPLS Applications in VPN Services

Service Overview

With the growth of third generation of mobile telecommunications (3G) and Long Term Evolution (LTE) services, inter-AS leased line services becomes the key services. To carry these services over VPNs, seamless MPLS establishes an E2E LSP between a cell site gateway (CSG) and a mobile aggregate service gateway (MASG) to transmit virtual private network (VPN) services, as well as helps carriers reduce costs of network construction, operation, and maintenance. Seamless MPLS also allows carriers to uniformly operate and maintain networks.

Networking Description

Figure 1 illustrates an LTE network. The access and aggregation layers belong to one AS, and the core layer belongs to another AS. To transmit VPN services, the inter-AS seamless MPLS+HVPN networking can be used to establish an LSP between each pair of a CSG and MASG. CSGs are connected to NodeBs that are Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) 3G base stations and eNodeBs that are LTE base stations. MASGs are connected to a mobility management entity (MME) or service gateway (SGW). VPN instances can be configured between CSGs and MASGs to transmit various types of services. An HVPN is deployed between each pair of a CSG and aggregation (AGG) node, and an inter-AS LSP is established between each pair of an AGG and MASG using the seamless MPLS technique. A NodeB or an eNodeB can then communicate with the MME or SGW.

Figure 1 Seamless MPLS application

Seamless MPLS Networking Characteristics

Table 1 Inter-AS seamless MPLS+HVPN characteristics


Inter-AS Seamless MPLS+HVPN


Segment tunnels are established.
  • LDP LSPs or TE LSPs are established at the access layer. An inter-AS BGP LSP is established across the aggregation and core layer.
  • The inter-AS BGP LSP overlaps an intra-AS LDP LSP or an intra-AS TE LSP.

Route control

The number of routes is minimized:
  • On the public network, routes at the access and aggregation layer are isolated. Devices at the two layers advertise labeled BGP routes destined for one another's loopback addresses.

  • On the private network, AGGs advertise default routes, which minimizes the number of private routes to be advertised.

Enterprise leased line services

The large-scale enterprise VPN services can be provisioned. The Layer 2 and Layer 3 leased lines connected to CSGs are easily deployed.

Protection switching

The following protection switching functions can be configured:
  • TE hot standby or LDP FRR: monitors TE LSPs or LDP LSPs.

  • BGP FRR: monitors BGP LSPs.

  • VPN FRR: monitors VPN connections.

CSG performance requirements

CSGs that maintain a few routes only need to process packets each with two labels.

Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.