In an SNMP management system, the network management station (workstation) and agents exchange signals.
The workstation (or NMS) sends an SNMP Request message to an SNMP agent.
The agent searches the management information base (MIB) on the managed object for the required information and returns an SNMP Response message to the workstation.
If the trap triggering conditions defined for a module are met, the agent for that module sends a message to notify the workstation that an event has occurred on a managed object. This helps the network administrator deal with network faults.
Figure 1 shows an SNMP management model.